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Introduction of C Language

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Introduction of C Language

C Programming Language was developed in the mid-1970s, but still, it is considered as the Mother of all Programming Languages. It supports multiple functionalities and also powerful enough to directly interact with hardware units and the kernel.

C is developed by Dennis Ritchie in the year 1972 at Bell Laboratories (USA). It is a General-purpose, Structured, Machine Independent, Simple and Flexible programming language. It was mainly developed as a system programming language to write an operating system.

Features of C Programming Language

  • High-Level Language: C provides strong abstraction in case of its libraries and built-in features that make it machine-independent. It is capable enough to develop system applications such as the kernel, driver, etc.
  • Structured Language: C Language supports structured programming which includes the use of functions. Functions reduce the code complexity and are totally reusable.
  • Rich Library: Unlike its predecessors, C language incorporates multiple built-in arithmetic and logical functions along with many built-in libraries which make development faster and convenient.
  • Extensible: C Language is a High-level language and is also open for upgrades. Hence, the programming language is considered to be extensible like any other high-level languages.
  • Recursion: C Language supports function back-tracking which involves recursion. In the process of recursion, a function is called within another function for multiple numbers of times.
  • Pointers: C enables users to directly interact with memory using the pointers. We use pointers in memory, structure, functions, arrays, stack and many more.
  • Faster: C Language comes with a minimal number of libraries and built-in functions which makes the compile and execution-times to be less and the system faces low overhead.
  • Memory Management: C provides the best in class memory management. It can both allocate and deallocate memory dynamically. the malloc(), calloc(), realloc() functions are used to allocate memory dynamically and free() function is used to deallocate the used memory at any instance of time.

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